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Open access

within the context of EU-funded projects, refers to the practice of providing on-line access to scientific information that is free of charge to the end-user and is reusable. In the context of research and innovation, scientific information can refer to (i) peer-reviewed scientific research articles (published in scholarly journals) or (ii) research data (data underlying publications, curated data and/or raw data).

Open Source Software

means computer software with an open source code; “open” in this case means made available to the general public in order that the software can be studied, changed and/or improved.

Criteria that open source software must comply can be found at Open Source Initiative.


is one of the requirements for copyright protection. The test to determine whether a work will be considered original is to ask if it can be defined as the author's own intellectual creation.

Ownership of IP rights

the state or quality of being an owner of a proprietary right.  It enables its holder to exercise exclusive rights of use in relation to the subject matter of the IP and to restrict others from using these IP rights.